Causes of Criminal Behavior - BrainMass
Identify the strengths and weaknesses of the criminal behavior theories. Which theory do you think is most applicable to the cause of criminal behavior today and why
CAUSES OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. - Research Assistance
From the supplier: Criminologists have learned a great deal since the 1960s regarding the causes of criminal behavior, so society should begin to deal with the root causes. Children of unwed teenage mothers should be targeted and screened, since they often become involved in crime at a young age. Family intervention techniques should be used when behavior problems begin to increase. Chronic offenders have been shown to be disproportionately responsible for the overall crime rate, so they should be incarcerated. Similarly, violent predators should be identified and imprisoned.
An early text on the beginnings of the biosocial theory and approach to causes of criminal behavior. The authors explore patterns of offending, namely who commits crimes and why, focusing on characteristics such as age, gender, race, intelligence, impulsivity, and other constitutional factors.
In addition to studying the biological and psychological causes of criminal behavior, others looked toward society in general for possible causes. In the early 1900s researchers believed social changes occurring in the United States, such as an industrial economy replacing the earlier agricultural economy (industrialization) and the growth of cities (urbanization), as well as the steady flow of immigrants from eastern Europe affected crime levels. A reform movement, known as the Progressive Movement, attempted to solve increasing crime stemming from social causes.There are three major categories that are used to categorize criminal behavior. These are psychological theories, sociological theories and biological theories. Though each of them has a profound effect on how criminals behave, it is at times impossible to differentiate the three. This paper analyses the strengths and weaknesses of these three broad categories and gives a view of which one is the most applicable to the cause of modern criminal behavior. Psychological TheoriesWith new advances in medical technology, the search for biological causes of criminal behavior became more sophisticated. In 1986 psychologist Robert Hare identified a connection between certain brain activity and antisocial behavior. He found that criminals experienced less brain reaction to dangerous situations than most people. Such a brain function, he believed, could lead to greater risk-taking in life, with some criminals not fearing punishment as much as others.Numerous competing theories—including biological, sociological, psychological, and political—are proposed for the cause of criminal behavior. Little consensus is established among the experts. Supporters of each theory barricade themselves and their doctrines against all comers.Numerous competing theories—including biological, sociological, psychological, and political—are proposed for the cause of criminal behavior. Little consensus is established among the experts. Supporters of each theory barricade themselves and their doctrines against all comers.